Vasoactive and Inotropic Support, Tube Feeding, and Ischemic Gut Complications After Cardiac Surgery

Chin Siang Ong, Patricia M. Brown, Pooja Yesantharao, Xun Zhou, Allen Young, Joseph K. Canner, Munirih Quinlan, Evan F. Brown, Marc S. Sussman, Glenn J.R. Whitman

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Abstract

Background: Vasoactive and inotropic support (VIS) may predispose cardiac surgery patients to ischemic gut complications (IGCx). The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of VIS on the manner in which we deliver tube feeds (TFs) and determine its relationship with IGCx in cardiac surgery patients. Methods: We reviewed cardiac surgery patients at a single institution and examined the effect of VIS (none, low, medium, high) on TF administration and evaluated IGCx. Results: Of 3088 cardiac surgery patients, 249 (8%) required TFs, comprising 2151 total TF-days. Increasing VIS was associated with decreased amounts of TF administered per day (P =.001) and an increase in time that TF was held per day (P <.001). High VIS was associated with less intact, more semi-elemental/elemental formula use (P <.001) and increased use of gastric route (P <.001). Of all cardiac surgery patients, 11 of 3125 suffered IGCx (0.4%), with a mortality of 73%. Of the 3 receiving TF, 2 IGCx were focal and consistent with acute embolus, whereas one was diffuse, on high VIS and an intra-aortic balloon pump. Of the 8 IGCx in the patients not receiving TF, 5 were focal, whereas 3 were diffuse and not embolic (P =.21). Conclusions: Despite 32% of TF-days on moderate to high VIS, non-embolic IGCx were not increased compared with patients not receiving TF. As delivered at this institution, TF in even those requiring moderate to high inotropic and pressor support were not associated with an increase in attributable IGCx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • cardiac surgery
  • enteral nutrition
  • ischemic gut complications
  • tube feeds
  • vasoactive and inotropic support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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