Vascular insufficiency of the upper extremity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Vascular insufficiency of the upper extremity can be due to acute vascular injury, chronic vasospastic disease, and occlusive disease. Its treatment requires a thorough understanding of the vascular anatomy of the upper extremity, diagnostic modalities, and medical and surgical management options. Promising advances continue to be made in surgical treatment and medical therapy.



  • Arterial injury
  • botulinum toxin
  • hypothenar hammer
  • Raynaud's disease
  • sympathectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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