Vascular endothelial growth factor regulates reendothelialization and neointima formation in a mouse model of arterial injury

Randolph Hutter, Francine E. Carrick, Carolina Valdiviezo, Claire Wolinsky, John S. Rudge, Stanley J. Wiegand, Valentin Fuster, Juan J. Badimon, Bernhard V. Sauter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background - The rate of reendothelialization is critical in neointima formation after arterial injury. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent endothelial mitogen, has been advocated for accelerating endothelial repair and preventing intimal hyperplasia after percutaneous coronary interventions. However, the precise mechanism of action of VEGF treatment and the physiologic role of endogenous VEGF after arterial injury are not well described. To better understand the role of VEGF in arterial repair, we overexpressed both VEGF and a soluble, chimeric VEGF receptor (VEGF-trap), which binds free VEGF with high affinity, in a mouse model of arterial injury. Methods and Results - Four groups of C57BL/6 mice underwent denuding endothelial injury 1 day after systemic injection of recombinant adenovirus expressing (1) VEGF, (2) VEGF-trap, (3) VEGF plus VEGF-trap, or (4) control adenovirus. Circulating levels of adenovirus-encoded proteins were significantly elevated after gene transfer. VEGF overexpression accelerated reendothelialization and increased luminal endothelial cell proliferation 2 weeks after arterial injury (P<0.05), resulting in decreased neointima formation at 4 weeks compared with control (P<0.01). Cotreatment with VEGF-trap completely sequestered free VEGF and abrogated the beneficial effect of VEGF overexpression. Interestingly, sequestration of endogenous VEGF by VEGF-trap overexpression alone also led to delayed reendothelialization at 2 weeks (P<0.01) and increased neointima formation at 4 weeks (P<0.01). Conclusions - VEGF overexpression accelerated endothelial repair and inhibited neointima formation after arterial injury. Conversely, sequestration of exogenous and/or endogenous VEGF by VEGF-trap delayed reendothelialization and significantly increased neointima size. This demonstrates the therapeutic potential of VEGF but also emphasizes the important physiologic role of endogenous VEGF in vascular repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2430-2435
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume110
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2004

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelium
  • Gene therapy
  • Stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Hutter, R., Carrick, F. E., Valdiviezo, C., Wolinsky, C., Rudge, J. S., Wiegand, S. J., Fuster, V., Badimon, J. J., & Sauter, B. V. (2004). Vascular endothelial growth factor regulates reendothelialization and neointima formation in a mouse model of arterial injury. Circulation, 110(16), 2430-2435. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000145120.37891.8A