Aims: Vascular complications remain the main limitation of transfemoral aortic valve implantation. Based on a single-centre experience, we aim to detail the type, management and impact of those vascular complications. Methods and results: From October 2006 to January 2009, 54 transfemoral aortic valve implantations were performed using the Edwards SAPIEN™ prosthesis. Nine patients (16.7%) developed vascular complications. Five patients (9.3%) had ruptures which necessitated a surgical bypass. Four patients (7.4%) had dissection necessitating repair using stenting in all four patients and associated bypass in two of them. Vascular complications led to death in one patient (1.9%), reintervention in one (1.9%), and transfusions in seven (13%). Five vascular complications occurred in the first 20 patients (25%), and only four in the last 34 (12%). Conclusions: Vascular complications of transfemoral aortic valve implantation are frequent and seem to be influenced by experience. They are associated with a high need for transfusion and could lead to major events such as death or reintervention. These findings highlight the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for patient selection and management of the procedure.
- Transfemoral aortic valve implantation
- Vascular complications
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine