Vascular Aphasia Syndromes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The most common classification of aphasic individuals in the literature is by clinical syndromes of commonly co-occurring deficits that reflect vascular territories affected by stroke. This classification system is approximately based on the lesion-deficit association logic of the 19th century. The relationship between these syndromes and the associated vascular territories is not always consistent, in part because of individual variability in vasculature and in part because of reorganization of structure-function relationship after injury. Characteristics of vascular syndromes of aphasia are dissociable, because the entire vascular territory is not always damaged and because various symptoms recover at different rates. In this chapter, the vascular syndromes of aphasia are described. The relevance of the vascular syndromes to current concepts of the functional neuroanatomy of language is discussed. The usefulness of vascular syndromes in medical management of stroke versus aphasia research and treatment is considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurobiology of Language
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages913-922
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780124078628
ISBN (Print)9780124077942
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Language
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Stroke
  • Vascular syndromes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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