Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation

John L. Beard, Laura E. Murray-Kolb, Frank Lawrence, Angelina Felix, Angelita del Mundo, Jere D. Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. The variability in habitual intakes of most components in the Philippine diet is unknown. Objective. To perform a quantitative evaluation of the traditional Philippine diet using data collected over an extended period of time. We sought to identify seasonal variations and within-subject components of variation in nutrient intake. Methods. A quantitative evaluation of the Philippine diet was conducted in convents in metropolitan Manila as part of an efficacy trial to examine biofortified rice as an approach to improve iron nutritional status. Weighed food intakes were conducted on 54 days in each of more than 300 religious sisters over 9 months in 10 convents. The sisters consumed their habitual diets except for the substitution of one variety of rice for another. Results. More than 40% of calories were derived from rice, with protein from meat and fish comprising 18% of calories. There were significant variations in macronutrient and micronutrient intakes across seasons of the year, with more rice consumed in the wet season and more fruits, eggs, milk, and beverages consumed in the dry season. The day-to-day within-subject variation (CV) in median intake was 23% for energy, 31% for protein, 42% for iron, and 138% for vitamin A. Conclusions. These novel data show that traditional Filipino dietary patterns have substantial individual variation and are inadequate in certain micronutrients. This quantitative evaluation of diet can provide a reference point for dietary adequacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-214
Number of pages9
JournalFood and Nutrition Bulletin
Volume28
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Filipinos
Philippines
convent
Observation
diet
Diet
rice
evaluation
Micronutrients
seasonal variation
dietary minerals
substitution
Iron
trace element
Fish Proteins
iron
protein
food
Beverages
food intake

Keywords

  • Filipino diets
  • Iron absorption
  • Iron bio-availability
  • Iron deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Beard, J. L., Murray-Kolb, L. E., Lawrence, F., Felix, A., del Mundo, A., & Haas, J. D. (2007). Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 28(2), 206-214.

Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation. / Beard, John L.; Murray-Kolb, Laura E.; Lawrence, Frank; Felix, Angelina; del Mundo, Angelita; Haas, Jere D.

In: Food and Nutrition Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 2, 06.2007, p. 206-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beard, JL, Murray-Kolb, LE, Lawrence, F, Felix, A, del Mundo, A & Haas, JD 2007, 'Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation', Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 206-214.
Beard JL, Murray-Kolb LE, Lawrence F, Felix A, del Mundo A, Haas JD. Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2007 Jun;28(2):206-214.
Beard, John L. ; Murray-Kolb, Laura E. ; Lawrence, Frank ; Felix, Angelina ; del Mundo, Angelita ; Haas, Jere D. / Variation in the diets of Filipino women over 9 months of continuous observation. In: Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. 206-214.
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