Proinflammatory and immunoregulatory products from C3 play a major role in phagocytosis, respiratory burst, and airways inflammation. C3 is critical in adaptive immunity; studies in mice deficient in C3 demonstrate that features of asthma are significantly attenuated in the absence of C3. To test the hypothesis that the C3 gene on chromosome 19p13.3-p13.2 contains variants associated with asthma and related phenotypes, we genotyped 25 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers distributed at intervals of ∼1.9 kb within the C3 gene in 852 African Caribbean subjects from 125 nuclear and extended pedigrees. We used the multiallelic test in the family-based association test program to examine sliding windows comprised of 2-6 SNPs. A five-SNP window between markers rs10402876 and rs366510 provided strongest evidence for linkage in the presence of linkage disequilibrium for asthma, high log[total IgE], and high log[IL-13]/[log[IFN-γ] in terms of global P-values (P = 0.00027, 0.00013, and 0.003, respectively). A three-SNP haplotype GGC for the first three of these markers showed best overall significance for the three phenotypes (P = 0.003, 0.007, 0.018, respectively) considering haplotype-specific tests. Taken together, these results implicate the C3 gene as a priority candidate controlling risk for asthma and allergic disease in this population of African descent.
- Total IgE
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