Essential hypertension (HBP) is a complex trait with a substantial heritable component. The purpose of this study was to determine if variants in the G-protein coupled receptor Kinase-4 (GRK4), nitric oxide synthase-3 (NOS3), or angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genes are associated singly or through complex interactions, with HBP in African Americans aged 18-49 years. TaqMan Assays were used for genotyping the GRK4 and NOS3 variants. The ACE I/D variant was obtained by polymerase chain reaction and electrophoresis. Allelic association tests were performed for the five markers using PLINK. Logistic regression models were fitted to investigate associations between HBP status and the genetic markers. Multilocus analyses were also conducted. The study included 173 hypertensives and 239 normotensives, with stratification into obese and nonobese groups. The GRK4 A486V variant was negatively associated with HBP in the nonobese group (p= 0.048). The TT/CT genotype of GRK4 A486V was associated with decreased risk for HBP relative to the CC genotype after adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index (p= 0.028). Individuals having at least one NOS3 A allele and GRK4 R65L genotype GG had odds of HBP of 2.97 relative to GG homozygotes for NOS3 and GRK4 R65L. These results show very modest effects and do not fully replicate previous studies. Clin Trans Sci 2010; Volume 3: 279-286.
- African Americans
- Genetic variants
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)