Vanin-1-/- mice show decreased NSAID- and Schistosoma-induced intestinal inflammation associated with higher gluthathione stores

Florent Martin, Marie France Penet, Fabrice Malergue, Hubert Lepidi, Alain Dessein, Franck Galland, Max De Reggi, Philippe Naquet, Bouchra Gharib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vanin-1 is a membrane-anchored pantetheinase highly expressed in the gut and liver. It hydrolyzes pantetheine to pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and the low-molecular-weight thiol cysteamine. The latter is believed to be a key regulating factor of several essential metabolic pathways, acting through sulfhydryl-disulfide exchange reactions between sulfhydryl groups of the enzymes and the oxidized form, cystamine. Its physiological importance remains to be elucidated, however. To explore this point, we developed Vanin-1-deficient mice that lack free cysteamine. We examined the susceptibility of deficient mice to intestinal inflammation, either acute (NSAID administration) or chronic (Schistosoma infection). We found that Vanin-1-/- mice better controlled inflammatory reaction and intestinal injury in both experiments. This protection was associated with increased γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase activity and increased stores of reduced glutathione, as well as reduced inflammatory cell activation in inflamed tissues. Oral administration of cystamine reversed all aspects of the deficient phenotype. These findings suggest that one cysteamine function is to upregulate inflammation. Consequently, the pantetheinase activity of Vanin-1 molecule could be a target for a new anti-inflammatory strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-597
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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