Valve-sparing aortic root replacement in Loeys-Dietz syndrome

Nishant D. Patel, George J. Arnaoutakis, Timothy J. George, Jeremiah G. Allen, Diane E. Alejo, Harry C. Dietz, Duke E. Cameron, Luca A. Vricella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a recently recognized aggressive aortic disorder characterized by root aneurysm, arterial tortuosity, hypertelorism, and bifid uvula or cleft palate. The results of prophylactic root replacement using valve-sparing procedures (valve-sparing root replacement [VSRR]) in patients with LDS is not known. Methods: We reviewed all patients with clinical and genetic (transforming growth factor-β receptor mutations) evidence of LDS who underwent VSRR at our institution. Echocardiographic and clinical data were obtained from hospital and follow-up clinic records. Results: From 2002 to 2009, 31 patients with a firm diagnosis of LDS underwent VSRR for aortic root aneurysm. Mean age was 15 years, and 24 (77%) were children. One (3%) patient had a bicuspid aortic valve. Preoperative sinus diameter was 3.9 ± 0.8 cm (z score 7.0 ± 2.9) and 2 (6%) had greater than 2+ aortic insufficiency. Thirty patients (97%) underwent reimplantation procedures using a Valsalva graft. There were no operative deaths. Mean follow-up was 3.6 years (range, 0 to 7 years). One patient required late repair of a pseudoaneurysm at the distal aortic anastomosis, and 1 had a conversion to a David reimplantation procedure after a Florida sleeve operation. No patient suffered thromboembolism or endocarditis, and 1 (3%) patient experienced greater than 2+ late aortic insufficiency. No patient required late aortic valve repair or replacement. Conclusions: Loeys-Dietz syndrome is an aggressive aortic aneurysm syndrome that can be addressed by prophylactic aortic root replacement with low operative risk. Valve-sparing procedures have encouraging early and midterm results, similar to those in Marfan syndrome, and are an attractive option for young patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-561
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Patel, N. D., Arnaoutakis, G. J., George, T. J., Allen, J. G., Alejo, D. E., Dietz, H. C., Cameron, D. E., & Vricella, L. A. (2011). Valve-sparing aortic root replacement in Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 92(2), 556-561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.04.003