Validity and reliability of self-reported diabetes in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study

Andrea L C Schneider, James S. Pankow, Gerardo Heiss, Elizabeth Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the validity of prevalent and incident self-reported diabetes compared with multiple reference definitions and to assess the reliability (repeatability) of a self-reported diagnosis of diabetes. Data from 10,321 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study who attended visit 4 (1996-1998) were analyzed. Prevalent self-reported diabetes was compared with reference definitions defined by fasting glucose and medication use obtained at visit 4. Incident self-reported diabetes was assessed during annual follow-up telephone calls and was compared with reference definitions defined by fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and medication use obtained during an in-person visit attended by a subsample of participants (n 1,738) in 2004-2005. The sensitivity of prevalent self-reported diabetes ranged from 58.5 to 70.8, and specificity ranged from 95.6 to 96.8, depending on the reference definition. Similarly, the sensitivity of incident self-reported diabetes ranged from 55.9 to 80.4, and specificity ranged from 84.5 to 90.6. Percent positive agreement of self-reported diabetes during 9 years of repeat assessments ranged from 92.7 to 95.4. Both prevalent self-reported diabetes and incident self-reported diabetes were 84-97 specific and 55-80 sensitive as compared with reference definitions using glucose and medication criteria. Self-reported diabetes was >92 reliable over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-743
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume176
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2012

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Atherosclerosis
Glucose
Fasting
Telephone
Hemoglobins

Keywords

  • diabetes
  • validation study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Validity and reliability of self-reported diabetes in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. / Schneider, Andrea L C; Pankow, James S.; Heiss, Gerardo; Selvin, Elizabeth.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 176, No. 8, 15.10.2012, p. 738-743.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schneider, Andrea L C ; Pankow, James S. ; Heiss, Gerardo ; Selvin, Elizabeth. / Validity and reliability of self-reported diabetes in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2012 ; Vol. 176, No. 8. pp. 738-743.
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