Validation of the Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Criteria

Gil Binenbaum, Lauren A. Tomlinson, Alejandra G. De Alba Campomanes, Edward F. Bell, Pamela Donohue, David Morrison, Graham E. Quinn, Michael X. Repka, David Rogers, Michael B. Yang, Yinxi Yu, Gui Shuang Ying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Importance: The first Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity Study (G-ROP-1) developed new screening criteria with 100% sensitivity for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 30% reduction of infants requiring examinations in a retrospective development cohort of 7483 infants from 29 North American hospitals in 2006-2012. Infants meeting 1 or more of the following criteria undergo examinations: gestational age less than 28 weeks or birth weight less than 1051 g; weight gain less than 120 g during age 10 to 19 days, weight gain less than 180 g during age 20 to 29 days, or weight gain less than 170 g during age 30 to 39 days; or hydrocephalus. Objective: To evaluate the generalizability of the G-ROP screening criteria in a new cohort of at-risk infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective validation cohort study (G-ROP-2) was conducted at 41 hospitals in the United States and Canada (25 G-ROP-1 hospitals and 16 new hospitals) from September 8, 2015, to June 13, 2017, among 3981 premature infants at risk for ROP and with known ROP outcomes. Main Outcomes and Measures: Sensitivity for Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study type 1 ROP and potential reduction in infants receiving examinations. Results: Among the 3981 infants in the study (1878 girls and 2103 boys; median gestational age, 28 weeks [range, 22-35 weeks]; median birth weight, 1072 g [range, 350-4080 g]; 1966 white; 942 black; 321 Latino; 120 Asian; 22 Native Hawaian or Pacific Islander; and 25 American Indian or Alaskan Native), the G-ROP criteria correctly predicted 219 of 219 cases of type 1 ROP (sensitivity, 100%; 95% CI, 98.3%-100%), while reducing the number of infants undergoing examinations by 35.6% (n = 1418). In a combined G-ROP-1 and G-ROP-2 cohort of 11463 infants, the G-ROP criteria predicted 677 of 677 cases of type 1 ROP (sensitivity, 100%; 95% CI, 99.4%-100%), reducing the number of infants receiving examinations by 32.5% (n = 3730), while current criteria (birth weight <1501 g or gestational age ≤30 weeks 0 days) predicted 674 of 677 type 1 cases (sensitivity, 99.6%; 95% CI, 98.7%-99.8%). Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that the G-ROP screening criteria were generalizable on validation and, if used clinically in the United States and Canada, could reduce the number of infants receiving examinations. The large G-ROP cohorts provide evidence-based screening criteria that have higher sensitivity and higher specificity (fewer infants receiving examinations) for type 1 ROP than currently recommended guidelines..

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalJAMA ophthalmology
Volume138
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Binenbaum, G., Tomlinson, L. A., De Alba Campomanes, A. G., Bell, E. F., Donohue, P., Morrison, D., Quinn, G. E., Repka, M. X., Rogers, D., Yang, M. B., Yu, Y., & Ying, G. S. (2020). Validation of the Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Criteria. JAMA ophthalmology, 138(1), 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4517