Validation of the MB-LATER score for prediction of late recurrence after catheter-ablation of atrial fibrillation

Tatjana S. Potpara, Nebojsa Mujovic, Bhradeev Sivasambu, Alena Shantsila, Milan Marinkovic, Hugh Calkins, David Spragg, Gregory Y.H. Lip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Reliable identification of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients more likely to be AF-free long-term post-single catheter ablation (CA) would facilitate appropriate risk communication to patients. We validated the recently proposed MB-LATER score for prediction of late recurrences of AF (LRAF) post-CA. Methods: Patients who underwent CA for symptomatic AF refractory to ≥1 antiarrhythmic drugs at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, between March 2003 and December 2015, for whom ≥1-year post-CA follow-up data were available, were enrolled. Results: Of 226 patients (median age 58.5 years [IQR: 52.0–65.0], 163 males [72.1%], 142 [62.8%] with paroxysmal AF), LRAF occurred in 133 patients (58.8%) during a median 2-year follow-up (IQR: 1.1–4.1). The mean MB-LATER score was significantly higher in patients with versus those without LRAF (2.4 ± 1.2 vs. 1.9 ± 1.3, p = 0.002) and showed modest but significant predictive ability for LRAF (AUC: 0.62 [95% CI: 0.54–0.69], p = 0.003). A score cut-off value of >2 showed the best predictive ability for LRAF (70.4% [61.5–77.9]), with modest sensitivity (42.9% [34.3–51.7]) and specificity (74.2% [64.1–82.7]). Kaplan-Meyer survival free from AF was significantly better for patients with a MB-LATER score of ≤2 than for those with a score of >2 (log-rank p = 0.005). Conclusion: In our study, the MB-LATER score showed a significant but modest predictive ability for LRAF post-AF ablation. Further prospective validation is needed to better define the potential role of the MB-LATER score in patient selection and treatment decision-making post-AF ablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume276
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • AF recurrence post-ablation
  • Catheter-ablation of AF
  • MB-LATER score
  • Risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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