Validation of a simple equation for glomerular filtration rate measurement based on plasma iohexol disappearance

Derek K. Ng, Andrew S. Levey, Michael G. Shlipak, Alvaro Munoz, Lesley A. Inker, Tariq Shafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A simple equation for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measurement based on only plasma samples during the slow compartment after injection of iohexol was previously developed among children with chronic kidney disease and adult men with or at risk of HIV infection [Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD)-Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) equation], but has not been externally validated. We aimed to evaluate the performance of the CKiD-MACS equation among elderly participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort who underwent directly measured iohexol GFR. Methods: Using data from 287 participants of the MESA-Kidney study who underwent a five-sample measured iohexol GFR (two and three samples in the fast and slow compartments, respectively), we assessed the performance of the CKiD-MACS equation using only plasma samples in the slow compartment by sex, race and age. Agreement was assessed by bias, correlation, proportion within 5 and 10%, and the root mean square error (RMSE). Results: The average age and GFR of the participants were 71 years and 70.8 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively, and 46% were black. The equation yielded excellent agreement within stratified groups with high correlation (>0.96), low bias (≤1.2 mL/min/1.73 m2) and low RMSE (<4.2 mL/min/1.73 m2). Conclusions: The CKiD-MACS equation demonstrated valid GFR measurement using only samples in the slow compartment in this racially diverse, elderly population. While the equation yielded practically the same results as the original Brochner-Mortensen equation, the CKiD-MACS equation conforms to theoretical principles embedded in the two-compartment model of direct GFR measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-401
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Kidney Journal
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • clinical nephrology
  • glomerular filtration rate
  • plasma disappearance of iohexol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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