Vaginoplasty in the female exstrophy population: Outcomes and complications

Raimondo M. Cervellione, Timothy Phillips, Nima Baradaran, Hiroshi Asanuma, Ranjiv I. Mathews, John P. Gearhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objective: Vaginal stenosis is a common sequela in adolescents who have undergone reconstruction for classic bladder exstrophy in infancy. We sought to determine the incidence of vaginal stenosis in our patient population and the outcome of treatment in the first three decades of life. Patients and Methods: An institutional review board approved bladder exstrophy database was used to identify and retrospectively review classic female bladder exstrophy patients aged 12-30 years treated at the authors' institution. Patients who underwent vaginoplasty were identified and the following outcomes were measured: age at surgery, method used for the reconstruction, complications and incidence of re-stenosis. Results: Ninety-one female classic bladder exstrophy patients were identified. Twenty-nine patients (31.8%) underwent vaginoplasty because of vaginal stenosis at a mean (SD) age of 15 (3) years. Twenty-four patients underwent perineal flap vaginoplasty, three posterior cut-back vaginoplasty and two YV vaginoplasty. One patient developed wound infection and dehiscence which required reoperation (3.4%). No patient experienced vaginal re-stenosis. Conclusions: vaginal stenosis is common after reconstruction of female classic bladder exstrophy. Vaginoplasty is highly successful in the exstrophy population when performed in the second or third decade of life with a low risk of complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-599
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2010


  • Bladder exstrophy
  • Vaginoplasty
  • Vulvoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Urology


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