Vaginal electrohysterography: the design and preliminary evaluation of a novel device for uterine contraction monitoring in an ovine model*

Nate Sunwoo, Karin Hwang, Karin J. Blakemore, Abimbola Aina-Mumuney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract: Objective: Tocodynamometry is the most common method of labor evaluation but most clinicians would agree it has limited utility before 26 weeks of gestation. The obesity epidemic has further reduced our ability to accurately detect uterine contractions using the tocodynamometer at any gestational age. We sought to design and test a novel contraction monitor that bypasses the maternal abdomen. Methods: An optimized version of an intravaginal electrohysterographic ring device was tested in an ovine model. The device and its methodology as well as the tocodynamometer were validated against the current gold standard uterine activity monitor, the intrauterine pressure catheter in six sheep at varying gestational ages. Results: Both the intravaginal ring device and the tocodynamometer correlated well with IUPC, r = 0.69 and 0.73, respectively (p < 0.001). The number of contractions detected by each monitor remained similar even after accounting for confounders. Conclusions: These results suggest that uterine activity can be monitored from the vaginal interface in an ovine model and offers an alternative clinical tool for the detection of contractions in situations, in which tocodynamometry would be ineffective or intrauterine monitoring inappropriate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2742-2747
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume29
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Contraction monitoring
  • electrohysterograph
  • preterm labor
  • tocodynamometry
  • uterine contraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Vaginal electrohysterography: the design and preliminary evaluation of a novel device for uterine contraction monitoring in an ovine model<sup>*</sup>'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this