Vaginal Delivery of Paclitaxel via Nanoparticles with Non-Mucoadhesive Surfaces Suppresses Cervical Tumor Growth

Ming Yang, Tao Yu, Ying Ying Wang, Samuel K. Lai, Qi Zeng, Bolong Miao, Benjamin C. Tang, Brian W. Simons, Laura M. Ensign, Guanshu Liu, Kannie W.Y. Chan, Chih Yin Juang, Olcay Mert, Joseph Wood, Jie Fu, Michael T. Mcmahon, T. C. Wu, Chien Fu Hung, Justin Hanes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Local delivery of chemotherapeutics in the cervicovaginal tract using nanoparticles may reduce adverse side effects associated with systemic chemotherapy, while improving outcomes for early-stage cervical cancer. It is hypothesized here that drug-loaded nanoparticles that rapidly penetrate cervicovaginal mucus (CVM) lining the female reproductive tract will more effectively deliver their payload to underlying diseased tissues in a uniform and sustained manner compared with nanoparticles that do not efficiently penetrate CVM. Paclitaxel-loaded nanoparticles are developed, composed entirely of polymers used in FDA-approved products, which rapidly penetrate human CVM and provide sustained drug release with minimal burst effect. A mouse model is further employed with aggressive cervical tumors established in the cervicovaginal tract to compare paclitaxel-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (conventional particles, or CP) and similar particles coated with Pluronic F127 (mucus-penetrating particles, or MPP). CP are mucoadhesive and, thus, aggregated in mucus, while MPP achieve more uniform distribution and close proximity to cervical tumors. Paclitaxel-MPP suppress tumor growth more effectively and prolong median survival of mice compared with unencapsulated paclitaxel or paclitaxel-CP. Histopathological studies demonstrate minimal toxicity to the cervicovaginal epithelia, suggesting paclitaxel-MPP may be safe for intravaginal use. These results demonstrate the in vivo advantages of polymer-based MPP for treatment of tumors localized to a mucosal surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1044-1052
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Controlled release
  • Drug delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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