Vaccine-related standard of care and willingness to respond to public health emergencies: A cross-sectional survey of California vaccine providers

Katherine Seib, Daniel J Barnett, Paul S. Weiss, Saad B. Omer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Responding to a vaccine-related public health emergency involves a broad spectrum of provider types, some of whom may not routinely administer vaccines including obstetricians, pharmacists and other specialists. These providers may have less experience administering vaccines and thus less confidence or self-efficacy in doing so. Self-efficacy is known to have a significant impact on provider willingness to respond in emergency situations. Methods: We conducted a survey of 800 California vaccine providers to investigate standard of care, willingness to respond, and how vaccine-related standard of care impacts willingness to respond among these providers. We used linear regression to examine how willingness to respond was impacted by vaccine-related standard of care. Results: Forty percent of respondents indicated that they had participated in emergency preparedness training, actual disaster response, or surge capacity initiatives with significant differences among provider types for all measures (p=0.007). When asked to identify barriers to responding to a public health emergency, respondents indicated that staff size or capacity, training and resources were the top concerns. Respondents in practices with a higher vaccine-related standard of care had a higher willing to respond index (β=0.190, p=0.001). Respondents who had participated in emergency training or actual emergency response had a higher willing to respond index (β=1.323, p<0.0001). Conclusion: Our study suggests that concerns about staff size and surge capacity need to be more explicitly addressed in current emergency preparedness training efforts. In the context of boosting response willingness, larger practice environments stand to benefit from self-efficacy focused training and exercise efforts that also incorporate standard of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-201
Number of pages6
JournalVaccine
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2012

Fingerprint

Standard of Care
cross-sectional studies
public health
Emergencies
Vaccines
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
vaccines
self-efficacy
Surge Capacity
Self Efficacy
disaster preparedness
Civil Defense
disasters
Disasters
Pharmacists
Linear Models
exercise
Surveys and Questionnaires
Exercise

Keywords

  • Pandemic
  • Public health emergencies
  • Public health preparedness
  • Self-efficacy
  • Standard of care
  • Vaccine
  • Willingness to respond

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • veterinary(all)
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Vaccine-related standard of care and willingness to respond to public health emergencies : A cross-sectional survey of California vaccine providers. / Seib, Katherine; Barnett, Daniel J; Weiss, Paul S.; Omer, Saad B.

In: Vaccine, Vol. 31, No. 1, 17.12.2012, p. 196-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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