Introduction: Hospitalized smokers benefit from smoking cessation counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). However, inpatient providers who care for hospitalized patients carry out these preventive measures inconsistently. Methods: We designed a peer-led audit and feedback intervention to improve (a) the frequency of smoking cessation counseling and (b) the appropriateness of the prescribing of NRT by hospitalist practitioners in our hospital. Documentation of tobacco cessation counseling in progress notes and discharge summaries and the ordering and dosing of NRT were assessed for 30 hospitalists before and after an intervention. This intervention included specific feedback on their counseling and prescribing practices as well as education and was delivered as part of a one-on-one academic detailing session. Results: Five hundred and forty five and 1,119 patient-days were considered for this analysis in the preand postperiods, respectively. Documentation of tobacco dependence counseling in progress notes increased from 36% to 44% (p = .002) and from 7.5% to 46.8% in discharge summaries (p < .0001) following the intervention. The appropriateness of NRT dosing increased from 26% (before) to 64% (after) the intervention (p < .0001). Discussion: A peer-led audit and feedback intervention for hospitalists significantly increases the frequency of smoking cessation counseling and the adequacy of NRT prescribing for hospitalized smokers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health