Utility of simultaneously acquired gradient-echo and spin-echo cerebral blood volume and morphology maps in brain tumor patients

Kathleen M. Donahue, Hendrikus G.J. Krouwer, Scott D. Rand, Arvind P. Pathak, Cathy S. Marszalkowski, Steven C. Censky, Robert W. Prost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An interleaved gradient-echo (GE) / spin-echo (SE) EPI sequence was used to acquire images during the first pass of a susceptibility contrast agent, in patients with brain tumors. Maps of 1) GE (total) rCBV (relative cerebral blood volume), 2) SE (microvascular) rCBV, both corrected for T1 leakage effects, and 3) (ΔR2*/ΔR2), a potential marker of averaged vessel diameter, were determined. Both GE rCBV and ΔR2*/DR2 correlated strongly with tumor grade (P = 0.01, P = 0.01, n = 15), while SE rCBV did not (P = 0.24, n = 15). When the GE rCBV data were not corrected for leakage effects, the correlation with tumor grade was no longer significant (P = 0.09, n = 15). These findings suggest that MRI measurements of total blood volume fraction (corrected for agent extravasation) and ΔR2*/ΔR2, as opposed to maps of microvascular volume, may prove to be the most appropriate markers for the evaluation of tumor angiogenesis (the induction of new blood vessels) and antiangiogenic therapies. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-853
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain tumor angiogenesis
  • Cerebral blood volume
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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