Utility and validity of DISC1 mouse models in biological psychiatry

T. Tomoda, A. Sumitomo, H. Jaaro-Peled, A. Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

We have seen an era of explosive progress in translating neurobiology into etiological understanding of mental disorders for the past 10-15 years. The discovery of Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene was one of the major driving forces that have contributed to the progress. The finding that DISC1 plays crucial roles in neurodevelopment and synapse regulation clearly underscored the utility and validity of DISC1-related biology in advancing our understanding of pathophysiological processes underlying psychiatric conditions. Despite recent genetic studies that failed to identify DISC1 as a risk gene for sporadic cases of schizophrenia, DISC1 mutant mice, coupled with various environmental stressors, have proven successful in satisfying face validity as models of a wide range of human psychiatric conditions. Investigating mental disorders using these models is expected to further contribute to the circuit-level understanding of the pathological mechanisms, as well as to the development of novel therapeutic strategies in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume321
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • DISC1
  • Mouse models
  • Psychiatry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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