Using transgenic models to study the pathogenesis of keratin-based inherited skin diseases

Kenzo Takahashi, Pierre A. Coulombe, Yoshiki Miyachi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the past decade, the production of transgenic animals whose genome is modified to contain DNA transgenes of interest has significantly contributed to expand our understanding of the molecular etiology and pathobiology of several inherited skin diseases. This technology has led to the discovery that mutations affecting specific keratin genes are responsible for a wide spectrum of inherited bullous diseases, which are collectively characterized by blistering after minor trauma. Type I and type II keratin proteins are restricted to, and very abundant in, epithelial cells, where they occur as a pancytoplasmic network of cytoskeletal filaments. Although it had long been suspected that a primary function of keratin filaments may be to contribute to the physical strength of epithelial sheets, a formal demonstration came from studies of transgenic mouse models and patients suffering from keratin-based blistering diseases. Here we review the basic characteristics of keratin gene and their proteins and relate them to the molecular pathogenesis of relevant inherited skin blistering diseases. A particular emphasis is placed on the role of transgenic mouse models in the past, current, and future studies of these genodermatoses. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-95
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1999

Keywords

  • Immunological
  • Keratin genes
  • Transgenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Using transgenic models to study the pathogenesis of keratin-based inherited skin diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this