Using the primary socialization theory to predict substance use and sexual risk behaviors between black and white adolescents

Shelley A. Francis, Roland J. Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Using the Primary Socialization Theory (PST), we examined substance use and sexual risk-taking behaviors between Black (N 1,464) and White (N 3,946) adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Wave 1, public use (Add Health). Self-reported substance use and sexual risk-taking behaviors, PST constructs, and covariates were assessed using regression modeling techniques. Black youth were more likely to initiate sex, while White youth were more likely to report lifetime alcohol use. The PST predicted risk for White but not Black youth. The study's limitations are noted, and implications for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2113-2129
Number of pages17
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010



  • Adolescents
  • HIV
  • behavioral theories
  • risk behaviors
  • sexual risk taking
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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