Purpose: To investigate whether an overlap volume histogram (OVH)-driven planning application using an intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) database can guide and automate volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning for head-and-neck cancer. Methods: Based on comparable head-and-neck dosimetric results between planner-generated VMAT and IMRT plans, an inhouse developed, OVH-driven automated planning application containing a database of prior clinical head-and-neck IMRT plans is built into Pinnacle3 SmartArc for VMAT planning. Double-arc VMAT plans of four oropharynx, four nasopharynx, and four larynx patients are generated and compared with corresponding clinical IMRT plans. Results: Each VMAT plan is automatically generated in two optimization rounds, while the average number of optimization rounds in generating a clinical IMRT plan is 43. In VMAT plans, statistical superiority (p < 0.01) in sparing of the cord+4 mm, brainstem, brachial plexus, larynx, and inner ear is observed with a slight degradation in low-dose-level planning target volume (PTV) coverage. On average, D0.1 cc to the cord+4 mm, brainstem and brachial plexus is reduced by 3.7, 4.9, and 1.6 Gy, respectively; V(50 Gy) to the larynx is reduced by 5.3%; mean dose to the inner ear is reduced by 4.4 Gy; V95 of low-dose-level PTV coverage is reduced by 0.3% with p = 0.25. Conclusions: IMRT-data-driven VMAT planning offers a potential method for generating VMAT plans that are comparable to IMRT plans in terms of dosimetric quality.
- IMRT database
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging