OBJECTIVE. Understanding the determinants of subclinical atherosclerosis may aid in elucidating the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and guide prevention strategies. In this pilot study, we investigated the role of aortic wall thickness as a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis, assessed a method by which to measure aortic wall thickness using MRI, and attempted to define differences in aortic wall thickness by patient race, sex, and age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. In this prospective study, 196 participants (99 black, 97 white; 98 men, 98 women) were selected from the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, which consists of participants 45-84 years old without clinical cardiovascular disease, who were recruited from six study centers in the United States. We performed fast spin-echo double inversion recovery MRI to measure thoracic aortic wall thickness. We tested interobserver agreement using the intraclass correlation coefficient, for sex and race differences in wall thickness using the Mann-Whitney test, and for associations between age and wall thickness using linear regression. RESULTS. Reproducibility was excellent for measurements of average and maximal wall thickness on MRI. Average and maximal wall thickness increased with age (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). Men had greater mean average wall thickness (2.32 vs 2.11 mm, p = 0.028) and mean maximal wall thickness (3.85 vs 3.31 mm, p = 0.010) than women. Blacks had greater mean maximal wall thickness than whites (3.74 vs 3.42 mm, p = 0.023). CONCLUSION. MRI is a feasible method to measure aortic wall thickness with high interobserver agreement. Aortic wall thickness increases with age and also varies by race and sex.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging