Using intervention theory to model factors influencing behavior change: Project RESPECT

Martin Fishbein, Michael Hennessy, Mary Kamb, Gail A. Bolan, Tamara Hoxworth, Michael Iatesta, Fen Rhodes, Jonathan Mark Zenilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Project RESPECT was a multisite randomized trial comparing three clinic-based interventions' ability to increase condom use and prevent infection with HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Because Project RESPECT had guiding concepts that determined the content of the sessions, the authors investigated how the intervention operated using these theoretical variables. Growth curve analysis and structural equation modeling estimated the correlation between intentions toward condom use and self-reports of condom use and isolated the treatment effects on mediating variables-attitudes, self-efficacy, and social norms-that predict intentions. The correlations between intentions and behavior exceeded .70 for both genders, justifying the emphasis on intentions. Project RESPECT was effective through changing attitudes and self-efficacy for females in both counseling interventions. For males, only enhanced counseling had significant effects on these two mediator variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-384
Number of pages22
JournalEvaluation and the Health Professions
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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influencing behavior
respect
Condoms
Self Efficacy
self-efficacy
Counseling
counseling
Aptitude
sexually transmitted disease
Social Norms
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Self Report
HIV Infections
gender
ability
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Using intervention theory to model factors influencing behavior change : Project RESPECT. / Fishbein, Martin; Hennessy, Michael; Kamb, Mary; Bolan, Gail A.; Hoxworth, Tamara; Iatesta, Michael; Rhodes, Fen; Zenilman, Jonathan Mark.

In: Evaluation and the Health Professions, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2001, p. 363-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fishbein, M, Hennessy, M, Kamb, M, Bolan, GA, Hoxworth, T, Iatesta, M, Rhodes, F & Zenilman, JM 2001, 'Using intervention theory to model factors influencing behavior change: Project RESPECT', Evaluation and the Health Professions, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 363-384. https://doi.org/10.1177/01632780122034966
Fishbein, Martin ; Hennessy, Michael ; Kamb, Mary ; Bolan, Gail A. ; Hoxworth, Tamara ; Iatesta, Michael ; Rhodes, Fen ; Zenilman, Jonathan Mark. / Using intervention theory to model factors influencing behavior change : Project RESPECT. In: Evaluation and the Health Professions. 2001 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 363-384.
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