Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity

Mark G. Wilson, Ronnie Goetzel, Ronald J. Ozminkowski, Dave M. DeJoy, Lindsay Della, Enid Roemer, Jennifer Schneider, Karen J. Tully, John M. White, Catherine M. Baase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This paper presents the formative research phase of a large multi-site intervention study conducted to inform the feasibility of introducing environmental and ecological interventions. Research Methods and Procedures: Using mixed methods that included an environmental assessment, climate survey, leadership focus groups and interviews, and archival data, information was collected on employee health and job factors, the physical environment, social-organizational environment, and current health programs. Results: Results show that 83% of employees at the study sites were overweight or obese. Leadership was very supportive of health initiatives and felt integrating the strategies into organizational operations would increase their likelihood of success. Environmental assessment scores ranged from 47 to 19 on a 100-point scale. Health services personnel tended to view the organizational climate for health more positively than site leadership (mean of 3.6 vs. 3.0, respectively). Discussion: Intervention strategies chosen included increasing healthy food choices in vending, cafeterias, and company meetings, providing a walking path, targeting messages, developing site goals, training leaders, and establishing leaders at the work group level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalObesity
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Obesity
Health
Research
Social Environment
Occupational Health
Focus Groups
Climate
Health Personnel
Walking
Health Services
Interviews
Food
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Environment
  • Formative research
  • Intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity. / Wilson, Mark G.; Goetzel, Ronnie; Ozminkowski, Ronald J.; DeJoy, Dave M.; Della, Lindsay; Roemer, Enid; Schneider, Jennifer; Tully, Karen J.; White, John M.; Baase, Catherine M.

In: Obesity, Vol. 15, No. SUPPL. 1, 11.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wilson, MG, Goetzel, R, Ozminkowski, RJ, DeJoy, DM, Della, L, Roemer, E, Schneider, J, Tully, KJ, White, JM & Baase, CM 2007, 'Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity', Obesity, vol. 15, no. SUPPL. 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.386
Wilson, Mark G. ; Goetzel, Ronnie ; Ozminkowski, Ronald J. ; DeJoy, Dave M. ; Della, Lindsay ; Roemer, Enid ; Schneider, Jennifer ; Tully, Karen J. ; White, John M. ; Baase, Catherine M. / Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity. In: Obesity. 2007 ; Vol. 15, No. SUPPL. 1.
@article{4ce865ede8394ec7888b3eb264981244,
title = "Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity",
abstract = "Objective: This paper presents the formative research phase of a large multi-site intervention study conducted to inform the feasibility of introducing environmental and ecological interventions. Research Methods and Procedures: Using mixed methods that included an environmental assessment, climate survey, leadership focus groups and interviews, and archival data, information was collected on employee health and job factors, the physical environment, social-organizational environment, and current health programs. Results: Results show that 83{\%} of employees at the study sites were overweight or obese. Leadership was very supportive of health initiatives and felt integrating the strategies into organizational operations would increase their likelihood of success. Environmental assessment scores ranged from 47 to 19 on a 100-point scale. Health services personnel tended to view the organizational climate for health more positively than site leadership (mean of 3.6 vs. 3.0, respectively). Discussion: Intervention strategies chosen included increasing healthy food choices in vending, cafeterias, and company meetings, providing a walking path, targeting messages, developing site goals, training leaders, and establishing leaders at the work group level.",
keywords = "Environment, Formative research, Intervention",
author = "Wilson, {Mark G.} and Ronnie Goetzel and Ozminkowski, {Ronald J.} and DeJoy, {Dave M.} and Lindsay Della and Enid Roemer and Jennifer Schneider and Tully, {Karen J.} and White, {John M.} and Baase, {Catherine M.}",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1038/oby.2007.386",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
journal = "Obesity",
issn = "1930-7381",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using formative research to develop environmental and ecological interventions to address overweight and obesity

AU - Wilson, Mark G.

AU - Goetzel, Ronnie

AU - Ozminkowski, Ronald J.

AU - DeJoy, Dave M.

AU - Della, Lindsay

AU - Roemer, Enid

AU - Schneider, Jennifer

AU - Tully, Karen J.

AU - White, John M.

AU - Baase, Catherine M.

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - Objective: This paper presents the formative research phase of a large multi-site intervention study conducted to inform the feasibility of introducing environmental and ecological interventions. Research Methods and Procedures: Using mixed methods that included an environmental assessment, climate survey, leadership focus groups and interviews, and archival data, information was collected on employee health and job factors, the physical environment, social-organizational environment, and current health programs. Results: Results show that 83% of employees at the study sites were overweight or obese. Leadership was very supportive of health initiatives and felt integrating the strategies into organizational operations would increase their likelihood of success. Environmental assessment scores ranged from 47 to 19 on a 100-point scale. Health services personnel tended to view the organizational climate for health more positively than site leadership (mean of 3.6 vs. 3.0, respectively). Discussion: Intervention strategies chosen included increasing healthy food choices in vending, cafeterias, and company meetings, providing a walking path, targeting messages, developing site goals, training leaders, and establishing leaders at the work group level.

AB - Objective: This paper presents the formative research phase of a large multi-site intervention study conducted to inform the feasibility of introducing environmental and ecological interventions. Research Methods and Procedures: Using mixed methods that included an environmental assessment, climate survey, leadership focus groups and interviews, and archival data, information was collected on employee health and job factors, the physical environment, social-organizational environment, and current health programs. Results: Results show that 83% of employees at the study sites were overweight or obese. Leadership was very supportive of health initiatives and felt integrating the strategies into organizational operations would increase their likelihood of success. Environmental assessment scores ranged from 47 to 19 on a 100-point scale. Health services personnel tended to view the organizational climate for health more positively than site leadership (mean of 3.6 vs. 3.0, respectively). Discussion: Intervention strategies chosen included increasing healthy food choices in vending, cafeterias, and company meetings, providing a walking path, targeting messages, developing site goals, training leaders, and establishing leaders at the work group level.

KW - Environment

KW - Formative research

KW - Intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38049089059&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38049089059&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/oby.2007.386

DO - 10.1038/oby.2007.386

M3 - Article

C2 - 18073340

AN - SCOPUS:38049089059

VL - 15

JO - Obesity

JF - Obesity

SN - 1930-7381

IS - SUPPL. 1

ER -