Using a virtual integration environment in treating phantom limb pain

Michael J. Zeher, Robert S. Armiger, James M. Burck, Courtney Moran, Janid Blanco Kiely, Sharon R. Weeks, Jack W. Tsao, Paul F. Pasquina, R. Davoodi, G. Loeb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The Revolutionizing Prosthetics 2009 program conducted by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has resulted in a Virtual Integration Environment (VIE) that provides a common development platform for researchers and clinicians that design, model and build prosthetic limbs and then integrate and test them with patients. One clinical need that arose during the VIE development was a feature to easily create and model animations that represent patient activities of daily living (ADLs) and simultaneously capture real-time surface EMG activity from the residual limb corresponding to the ADLs. An application of this feature is being made by the Walter Reed Military Amputee Research Program (MARP) where they are utilizing the VIE to investigate methods of reducing upper extremity amputee phantom limb pain (PLP).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedicine Meets Virtual Reality 18
Subtitle of host publicationNextMed, MMVR18
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781607507055
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


  • activities of daily living (ADL)
  • Musculoskeletal Modeling Software (MSMS)
  • phantom limb pain (PLP)
  • Revolutionizing Prosthetics 2009
  • Virtual Integration Environment (VIE)
  • Walter Reed Military Amputee Research Program (MARP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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