Using a mobile nurse mentoring and training program to address a health workforce capacity crisis in Bihar, India: Impact on essential intrapartum and newborn care practices

Andreea A. Creanga, Safia Jiwani, Aritra Das, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sunil Sonthalia, Aboli Gore, Sunil Kaul, Sridhar Srikantiah, Christine Galavotti, Hemant Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To address a health workforce capacity crisis, in coordination with the Government of Bihar, CARE India implemented an on-the-job, on-site nurse mentoring and training intervention named - Apatkalin Matritva evam Navjat Tatparta (AMANAT, translated Emergency Maternal and Neonatal Care Preparedness) - in public facilities in Bihar. AMANAT was rolled-out in a phased manner to provide hands-on training and mentoring for nurses and doctors offering emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) services. This study examines the impact of the AMANAT intervention on nurse-mentees' competency to provide such services in Bihar, India during 2015-2017. Methods: We used data from three AMANAT implementation phases, each covering 80 public facilities offering basic EmONC services. Before and after the intervention, CARE India administered knowledge assessments to nurse-mentees; ascertained infection control practices at the facility level; and used direct observation of deliveries to assess nurse-mentees' practices. We examined changes in nurse-mentees' knowledge scores using χ2 tests for proportions and t tests for means; and estimated proportions and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for routine performance of infection control measures, essential intrapartum and newborn services. We fitted linear regression models to explore the impact of the intervention on nurse-mentees' knowledge and practices after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: On average, nurse-mentees answered correctly 38% of questions at baseline and 68% of questions at endline (P < 0.001). All nine infection control measures assessed were significantly more prevalent at endline (range 28.8%-86.8%) than baseline. We documented statistically significant improvements in 18 of 22 intrapartum and 9 of 13 newborn care practices (P < 0.05). After controlling for potential confounders, we found that the AMANAT intervention led to significant improvements in nurse-mentees' knowledge (30.1%), facility-level infection control (30.8%), intrapartum (29.4%) and newborn management (24.2%) practices (all P < 0.05). Endline scores ranged between 56.8% and 72.8% of maximum scores for all outcomes. Conclusion: The AMANAT intervention had significant results in a health workforce capacity crisis situation, when a large number of auxiliary nurse-midwives were expected to provide services for which they lacked the necessary skills. Gaps in intrapartum and newborn care knowledge and practice still exist in Bihar and should be addressed through future mentoring and training interventions. Study registration: number NCT02726230.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21009
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of global health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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