Use of two-segmented logistic regression to estimate change-points in epidemiologic studies

Roberto Pastor, Eliseo Guallar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In many epidemiologic data, the dose-response relation between a continuous exposure and the risk of disease abruptly changes when the exposure variable reaches an unknown threshold level, the so-called change- point. Although several methods are available for dose-response assessment with dichotomous outcomes, none of them provide inferential procedures to estimate change-points. In this paper, we describe a two-segmented logistic regression model, in which the linear term associated with a continuous exposure in standard logistic regression is replaced by a two-segmented polynomial function with unknown change-point, which is also estimated. A modified, iteratively reweighted least squares algorithm is presented to obtain parameter estimates and confidence intervals, and the performance of this model is explored through simulation. Finally, a two-segmented logistic regression model is applied to a case-control study of the association of alcohol intake with the risk of myocardial infarction and compared with alternative analyses. The ability of two-segmented logistic regression to estimate and provide inferences for the location of change-points and for the magnitude of other parameters of effect will make this model a useful complement to other methods of dose-response analysis in epidemiologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-642
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume148
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Case-control studies
  • Epidemiologic methods
  • Logistic models
  • Risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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