Use of the hypoxic cell sensitizer etanidazole (SR-2508) with intravenous melphalan and prednisone in the treatment of multiple myeloma: A pharmacokinetic study

Lawrence N. Shulman, Lori Buswell, Leslie A. Kalish, C. Norman Coleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: A study was undertaken adding the alkylating agent sensitizer etanidazole to intravenous melphalan and oral prednisone for patients with multiple myeloma. This study explored the toxicity profile of these agents when given together and assessed the ability to attain adequate serum levels of etanidazole to permit sensitization to occur. Methods and Materials: Etanidazole was administered intravenously in two doses of 3 g/m2 and 5 g/m2 90 min apart immediately prior to the administration of intravenous melphalan and oral prednisone for three consecutive cycles (total dose 24 g/m2). Patients received three additional cycles without etanidazole, allowing a comparison of hematologic toxicity from melphalan with and without etanidazole. Results: Hematologic toxicity was moderate (Grade 3 or 4), but severity was similar during cycles with and without etanidazole. Only one etanidazole. Only one patient developed a Grade 1 peripheral neuropathy questionably related to etanidazole. Most patients had etanidazole levels of ≥ 70 ug/ml for 7 h, a level felt to be necessary for sensitization to occur. Conclusion: Etanidazole, administered as described, results in adequate serum levels for potential alkylating agent sensitization, without significant toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-543
Number of pages3
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1994

Keywords

  • Etanidazole
  • Hypoxic cell sensitizer
  • Melphalan
  • Multiple myeloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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