Use of quantitative microbial risk assessment to improve interpretation of a recreational water epidemiological study

Jeffrey A. Soller, Sorina Eftim, Timothy J. Wade, Audrey M. Ichida, Jennifer L. Clancy, Trisha B. Johnson, Kellogg Schwab, Graciela Ramirez-Toro, Sharon Nappier, John E. Ravenscroft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We conducted a supplemental water quality monitoring study and quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) to complement the United States environmental protection agency's (U.S. EPA) National Epidemiological and Environmental Assessment of Recreational water study at Boquerón beach in Puerto Rico to estimate the gastrointestinal (GI) illness levels associated with recreational water exposures. The previously reported epidemiological study had sufficient statistical power to detect an average illness rate of approximately 17 swimming associated GI illnesses per 1000 recreation events or greater, and found no consistent relationships between water quality measured by fecal indicator organisms (FIO) and swimming-associated illnesses (U.S. EPA, 2010a). The QMRA incorporated monitoring data for pathogens and fecal indicators collected during the epidemiological study period and calculated average swimming-associated illness levels that were approximately two GI illnesses per 1000 recreation events. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a comprehensive water quality monitoring program and QMRA analysis has been conducted in parallel with a recreational water epidemiological study. The QMRA results were consistent with the low rate of reported illnesses during the 2009 epidemiological study (i.e.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-11
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial Risk Analysis
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Epidemiologic Studies
Water Quality
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Recreation
Water
Puerto Rico

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Quantitative microbial risk assessment
  • Recreational water
  • Tropical water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Soller, J. A., Eftim, S., Wade, T. J., Ichida, A. M., Clancy, J. L., Johnson, T. B., ... Ravenscroft, J. E. (2016). Use of quantitative microbial risk assessment to improve interpretation of a recreational water epidemiological study. Microbial Risk Analysis, 1, 2-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mran.2015.04.001

Use of quantitative microbial risk assessment to improve interpretation of a recreational water epidemiological study. / Soller, Jeffrey A.; Eftim, Sorina; Wade, Timothy J.; Ichida, Audrey M.; Clancy, Jennifer L.; Johnson, Trisha B.; Schwab, Kellogg; Ramirez-Toro, Graciela; Nappier, Sharon; Ravenscroft, John E.

In: Microbial Risk Analysis, Vol. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 2-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soller, JA, Eftim, S, Wade, TJ, Ichida, AM, Clancy, JL, Johnson, TB, Schwab, K, Ramirez-Toro, G, Nappier, S & Ravenscroft, JE 2016, 'Use of quantitative microbial risk assessment to improve interpretation of a recreational water epidemiological study', Microbial Risk Analysis, vol. 1, pp. 2-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mran.2015.04.001
Soller, Jeffrey A. ; Eftim, Sorina ; Wade, Timothy J. ; Ichida, Audrey M. ; Clancy, Jennifer L. ; Johnson, Trisha B. ; Schwab, Kellogg ; Ramirez-Toro, Graciela ; Nappier, Sharon ; Ravenscroft, John E. / Use of quantitative microbial risk assessment to improve interpretation of a recreational water epidemiological study. In: Microbial Risk Analysis. 2016 ; Vol. 1. pp. 2-11.
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