Use of provider-level dashboards and pay-for-performance in venous thromboembolism prophylaxis

Henry Joseph Michtalik, Howard T. Carolan, Elliott Haut, Brandyn Lau, Michael B Streiff, Joseph Finkelstein, Peter J. Pronovost, Nowella Durkin, Daniel Brotman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite safe and cost-effective venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention measures, VTE prophylaxis rates are often suboptimal. Healthcare reform efforts emphasize transparency through programs to report performance and payment incentives through pay-for-performance programs. OBJECTIVE: To sequentially examine an individualized physician dashboard and pay-for-performance program to improve VTE prophylaxis rates among hospitalists. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 3144 inpatient admissions. After a baseline observation period, VTE prophylaxis compliance was compared during both interventions. SETTING: A 1060-bed tertiary care medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight part-time and full-time academic hospitalists. INTERVENTIONS: A Web-based hospitalist dashboard provided VTE prophylaxis feedback. After 6 months of feedback only, a pay-for-performance program was incorporated, with graduated payouts for compliance rates of 80% to 100%. MEASUREMENTS: Prescription of American College of Chest Physicians' guideline-compliant VTE prophylaxis and subsequent pay-for-performance payments. RESULTS: Monthly VTE prophylaxis compliance rates were 86% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 85-88), 90% (95% CI: 88-93), and 94% (95% CI: 93-96) during the baseline, dashboard, and combined dashboard/pay-for-performance periods, respectively. Compliance significantly improved with the use of the dashboard (P=0.01) and addition of the pay-for-performance program (P=0.01). The highest rate of improvement occurred with the dashboard (1.58%/month; P=0.01). Annual individual physician performance payments ranged from $53 to $1244 (mean $633; standard deviation ±$350). CONCLUSIONS: Direct feedback using dashboards was associated with significantly improved compliance, with further improvement after incorporating an individual physician pay-for-performance program. Real-time dashboards and physician-level incentives may assist hospitals in achieving higher safety and quality benchmarks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hospital Medicine
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

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Incentive Reimbursement
Venous Thromboembolism
Hospitalists
Compliance
Physicians
Confidence Intervals
Motivation
Benchmarking
Health Care Reform
Tertiary Care Centers
Prescriptions
Inpatients
Observation
Guidelines
Safety
Costs and Cost Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Assessment and Diagnosis
  • Care Planning
  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Leadership and Management

Cite this

Use of provider-level dashboards and pay-for-performance in venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. / Michtalik, Henry Joseph; Carolan, Howard T.; Haut, Elliott; Lau, Brandyn; Streiff, Michael B; Finkelstein, Joseph; Pronovost, Peter J.; Durkin, Nowella; Brotman, Daniel.

In: Journal of Hospital Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. 172-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Streiff, Michael B

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