Use of modified positive behavioral interventions and supports in a psychiatric inpatient unit for high-risk youths

Elizabeth Keats Reynolds, Marco Grados, Nancy Praglowski, Jessica Curley Hankinson, Renee Deboard-Lucas, Laura Goldstein, Carisa Perry-Parrish, Matthew W. Specht, Rick Ostrander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: Despite a call for the reduction and ultimate elimination of the use of seclusion and restraint, research on reduction of these practices in behavioral programs has been limited. This study sought to examine the effectiveness of a modified version of the Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (M-PBIS) implemented in a youth psychiatric inpatient unit to reduce use of seclusion and restraint. Methods: This naturalistic, prospective study covered a four-year period (1,485 admissions). Results: The number of seclusion and restraint events, mean duration of events, and percentage of patients placed in seclusion or restraint were reduced, as was the overall seclusion rate for the unit. Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in the use of pro re nata (PRN) medications for agitation. Conclusions: These findings suggest that M-PBIS is a promising intervention to use in youth psychiatric inpatient units to reduce seclusion and restraint and PRNs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-573
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatric Services
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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