Use of computer-assisted surgery in the orbit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To present the application of computer-assisted surgery (CAS) in pre-operative planning, intra-operative navigation, and post-operative assessment as an adjunct tool in orbital surgery. Methods: An IRB-approved, retrospective review was performed to identify patients who had undergone orbital surgery by a single surgeon from July 2013 to December 2019 with attention to pre-operative virtual surgical planning, intra-operative navigation, and post-operative assessment. The reasons and methods of CAS use were classified. Results: The use of computer-assisted technologies was identified in 91 cases out of 464 orbital surgeries (19.6%). This included 23 (25.3%) orbital decompression surgeries, 39 (42.9%) fracture repairs, and 25 (27.5%) orbital tumors. In all cases, pre-, intra-, and post-operative CAS allowed for increased operative efficiency and safety with good outcomes. Conclusions: Use of CAS in orbital surgery can allow for complex radiographic analysis and in select cases is a great tool to add to the orbital surgeon’s armamentarium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-234
Number of pages9
JournalOrbit (London)
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022


  • Computer-assisted surgery
  • orbital surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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