Recall performance of 84 mildly retarded adolescents and 84 non-retarded fourth graders was compared under various encoding conditions. The seven encoding conditions consisted of the following format-cueing combinations: simultaneous-subject cues, simultaneous-experimenter cues, sort-subject cues, sort-experimenter cues, sequential-subject cues, sequential-experimenter cues and sequential-no cues. Stimuli were 24 colour pictures from six catgories. Results indicated generally comparable levels of recall performance for retarded and non-retarded subjects. However, retarded subjects were less responsive to sort and experimenter cue conditions, which led to increased recall in the non-retarded subjects. It was suggested that retrieval difficulties may be interfering with the ability of retarded individuals to utilize categorical knowledge to facilitate recall.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Mental Deficiency Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health