Use of Antiretroviral Drug Testing to Assess the Accuracy of Self-reported Data from HIV-Infected People Who Inject Drugs

Jessica M. Fogel, Yinfeng Zhang, Philip J. Palumbo, Xu Guo, William Clarke, Autumn Breaud, Paul Richardson, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Erica L. Hamilton, Tran Viet Ha, Kostyantyn Dumchev, Zubairi Djoerban, Irving Hoffman, Brett Hanscom, William C. Miller, Susan H. Eshleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used antiretroviral (ARV) drug testing to evaluate the accuracy of self-reported data for HIV status and antiretroviral treatment (ART) among people who inject drugs enrolled in an HIV prevention trial. ARV drugs were detected in enrollment samples from 72/482 = 14.9% HIV-infected participants (39/52 = 75.0% who reported being on ART; 33/430 = 7.7% who reported not being on ART). Overall, 213/482 = 44.2% participants indicated that they were not aware of their HIV-positive status prior to study entry; of those, 30 had ARV drugs detected at enrollment, including 15 who also had ARV drugs detected at the screening visit. These participants were likely aware of their HIV-positive status at study entry but did not report this to study staff. This study shows that self-reported data on HIV testing history and ART may not be accurate and that ARV drug testing can help identify persons who are aware of their HIV-positive status and are on ART.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2101-2108
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019

Keywords

  • ART
  • HIV
  • Indonesia
  • PWID
  • Self-report
  • Ukraine
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    Fogel, J. M., Zhang, Y., Palumbo, P. J., Guo, X., Clarke, W., Breaud, A., Richardson, P., Piwowar-Manning, E., Hamilton, E. L., Ha, T. V., Dumchev, K., Djoerban, Z., Hoffman, I., Hanscom, B., Miller, W. C., & Eshleman, S. H. (2019). Use of Antiretroviral Drug Testing to Assess the Accuracy of Self-reported Data from HIV-Infected People Who Inject Drugs. AIDS and behavior, 23(8), 2101-2108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2379-8