Use of a bovine model to study the role of adhesion molecule CD11/CD18 in hemodialysis-induced neutropenia

Hamid Rabb, Prem K.G. Chandran, M. Amin Arnaout, Marcus E. Kehrli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The early neutropenia that occurs with cellulose-based dialysis membranes is believed to result from a cascade of immune events: complement activation, engagement of leukocyte adhesion molecules, cytokine release, and leukocyte sequestration. The β2 integrin CR3 (CD11b/CD18) is upregulated during hemodialysis, binds complement factor iC3b, and mediates leukocyte adhesion to endothelium and leukoaggregation. Despite being invoked in dialysis-induced neutropenia, there is no direct evidence of a role for CD11b/CD18 in the neutropenia. A unique animal model of β2-integrin deficiency was discovered in calves experiencing recurrent infections and a paucity of leukocytes in infected tissue. We hypothesized that β2 integrins mediate the neutropenia of dialysis and directly tested this hypothesis using β2-integrin-deficient calves. Two 3-month old β2-integrin-deficient and two agematched Holstein calves were dialyzed using cuprophane dialyzers. β2-integrin-deficient calves had less than 2% of normal neutrophil CD18 expression by flow cytometry. Normal calves had a marked decrease in circulating neutrophils (P < 0.05) to 15% of normal 15 minutes into dialysis (total, four treatments), as well as a decrease in monocytes to 39% (P < 0.05) and lymphocytes to 58% (P < 0.05). CD18-deficient calves had an attenuated decrease in neutrophils (65%; P = not significant), monocytes (78%; P = not significant), and lymphocytes (105%; P = not significant) at 15 minutes. These data, although obtained in a small sample, show that a bovine model can be used to study the early neutropenia of dialysis. These data also suggest that a direct role of β2 integrins may be occurring in this process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-593
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2002

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Keywords

  • Cows
  • Hemodialysis (HD)
  • Integrins
  • Leukocyte adhesion
  • Neutropenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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