Peptides of the corticotropin-releasing hormone/Urocortin (CRH/Ucn) family are known to suppress appetite primarily via CRH2 receptors. In the rat hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON), synthesis of both Ucn1 and CRH 2 receptors has been reported, yet little is known about the effects of Ucn1 in the SON on feeding behaviour. We first established the dose-related effects of Ucn1 injected into the SON on the feeding response in both freely fed and 24-h food-deprived rats. A conditioned taste avoidance paradigm was performed to investigate possible generalised effects of local Ucn1 treatment. Administration of Ucn1 into the SON at doses equal to or higher than 0.5 μg significantly decreased food intake in both freely fed and food-deprived rats. The Ucn1-mediated suppression of food intake was delayed in freely fed as compared to food-deprived animals. Conditioning for taste aversion to saccharine appeared at 0.5 and 1 μg of Ucn1. Both the early and the delayed onset of anorexia observed after intra-SON injection of Ucn1 under fasting and fed conditions, respectively, suggest the possible involvement of different CRH receptor subtypes in the two conditions, while the conditioned taste aversion seems to be responsible for the initial latency to eat the first meal in these animals.
- Conditioned taste aversion paradigm
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone 2 receptor
- Feeding microstructure
- Urocortin 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Organic Chemistry