Urine protein-to-creatinine ratio is a reliable measure of proteinuria in lupus nephritis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Objective. To evaluate the 24-hour urine protein-to-creatinine (U pr:cr) ratio compared to 24-h urine total protein excretion as a measure of proteinuria in patients with lupus nephritis. Methods. Proteinuria in 8 patients with lupus nephritis treated with cyclophosphamide was monitored by total protein excretion and U pr:cr ratio in 24-h urine collections. A median of 16 measurements per patient were collected over a median of 47 months. Adequacy of the 24-h collection was assessed by comparing total urine creatinine to the predicted creatinine. Collections in which the difference between the predicted 24-h urine creatinine and the measured 24-h urine creatinine was greater than or equal to 20% were defined as inadequate collections. Results. Timed 24-h urine collections were frequently inadequate (30.2% of total collections were under-collections, while 14.3% were over-collections). We found 87.5% of patients had at least one under-collection whereas 75% had at least one over-collection. Correlations between total protein and U pr:cr ratio for individual patients ranged from 0.87 to 0.99 (mean 0.95). For the entire sample, the correlation (R2 = 0.89) of total urine protein to Upr:cr ratio was excellent. Excluding the 38 under-collections led to improvement in the overall correlation (0.94). Excluding the 18 over-collections led to a correlation of 0.89. Excluding both under-collections and over-collections led to a correlation of 0.94. Conclusion. In patients with lupus nephritis, the 24-h U pr:cr ratio is highly correlated with the 24-h urine protein excretion when the collections are adequate. The error of the estimate is higher when collections are poor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1557-1559
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Lupus nephritis proteinuria
  • Protein-to-creatinine ratio
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'Urine protein-to-creatinine ratio is a reliable measure of proteinuria in lupus nephritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this