Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers

E. J. Bernacki, G. E. Parsons, B. R. Roy, M. Mikac-Devic, C. D. Kennedy, F. W. Sunderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry was employed for analyses of nickel concentrations in urine samples from nickel-exposed workers in 10 occupational groups and from non-exposed workers in two control groups. Mean concentrations of nickel in urine were greatest in workers who were exposed to inhalation of aerosols of soluble nickel salts (e.g., workers in nickel plating operations and in an electrolytic nickel refinery). Less marked increases in urine nickel concentrations were found in groups of metal sprayers, nickel battery workers, bench mechanics and arc welders. No significant increases in mean concentration of nickel were found in urine samples from workers who performed grinding, buffing and polishing of nickel-containing alloys or workers in a coal gasification plant who employed Raney nickel as a hydrogenation catalyst. Measurements of nickel concentrations in urine are more sensitive and practical than measurement of serum nickel concentrations for evaluation of nickel exposures in industrial workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Volume8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nickel
Urine
Buffing
Coal gasification plants
Metal refineries
Nickel plating
Atomic absorption spectrometry
Occupational Groups
Hydrogenation
Coal
Aerosols
Polishing
Mechanics
Inhalation
Spectrum Analysis
Salts
Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Bernacki, E. J., Parsons, G. E., Roy, B. R., Mikac-Devic, M., Kennedy, C. D., & Sunderman, F. W. (1978). Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, 8(3), 184-189.

Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers. / Bernacki, E. J.; Parsons, G. E.; Roy, B. R.; Mikac-Devic, M.; Kennedy, C. D.; Sunderman, F. W.

In: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1978, p. 184-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bernacki, EJ, Parsons, GE, Roy, BR, Mikac-Devic, M, Kennedy, CD & Sunderman, FW 1978, 'Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers', Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 184-189.
Bernacki EJ, Parsons GE, Roy BR, Mikac-Devic M, Kennedy CD, Sunderman FW. Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science. 1978;8(3):184-189.
Bernacki, E. J. ; Parsons, G. E. ; Roy, B. R. ; Mikac-Devic, M. ; Kennedy, C. D. ; Sunderman, F. W. / Urine nickel concentrations in nickel-exposed workers. In: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science. 1978 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 184-189.
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