Urine arsenic concentrations and species excretion patterns in American Indian communities over a 10-year period: The strong heart study

Ana Navas Acien, Jason G. Umans, Barbara V. Howard, Walter Goessler, Kevin A. Francesconi, Ciprian M Crainiceanu, Ellen Silbergeld, Eliseo Guallar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Arsenic exposure in drinking water disproportionately affects small communities in some U.S. regions, including American Indian communities. In U.S. adults with no seafood intake, median total urine arsenic is 3.4 μg/L. Objective: We evaluated arsenic exposure and excretion patterns using urine samples collected over 10 years in a random sample of American Indians from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota who participated in a cohort study from 1989 to 1999. Methods: We measured total urine arsenic and arsenic species [inorganic arsenic (arsenite and arsenate), methylarsonate (MA), dimethylarsinate (DMA), and arsenobetaine] concentrations in 60 participants (three urine samples each, for a total of 180 urine samples) using inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and high-performance liquid chromatography/ICPMS, respectively. Results: Median (10th, 90th percentiles) urine concentration for the sum of inorganic arsenic, MA, and DMA at baseline was 7.2 (3.1, 16.9) μg/g creatinine; the median was higher in Arizona (12.5 μg/g), intermediate in the Dakotas (9.1 μg/g), and lower in Oklahoma (4.4 μg/g). The mean percentage distribution of arsenic species over the sum of inorganic and methylated species was 10.6% for inorganic arsenic, 18.4% for MA, and 70.9% for DMA. The intraclass correlation coefficient for three repeated arsenic measurements over a 10-year period was 0.80 for the sum of inorganic and methylated species and 0.64, 0.80, and 0.77 for percent inorganic arsenic, percent MA, and percent DMA, respectively. Conclusions: This study found low to moderate inorganic arsenic exposure and confirmed long-term constancy in arsenic exposure and urine excretion patterns in American Indians from three U.S. regions over a 10-year period. Our findings support the feasibility of analyzing arsenic species in large population-based studies with stored urine samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1428-1433
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume117
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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North American Indians
Arsenic
Urine
Cacodylic Acid
Mass Spectrometry
Seafood
Drinking Water
Creatinine

Keywords

  • American Indians
  • Analytical chemistry
  • Arsenic
  • Arsenic species
  • Arsenobetaine
  • Exposure assessment
  • Metabolism
  • Mixed-effects models
  • Multilevel analysis
  • Strong Heart Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Urine arsenic concentrations and species excretion patterns in American Indian communities over a 10-year period : The strong heart study. / Navas Acien, Ana; Umans, Jason G.; Howard, Barbara V.; Goessler, Walter; Francesconi, Kevin A.; Crainiceanu, Ciprian M; Silbergeld, Ellen; Guallar, Eliseo.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 117, No. 9, 2009, p. 1428-1433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Urine arsenic concentrations and species excretion patterns in American Indian communities over a 10-year period: The strong heart study",
abstract = "Background: Arsenic exposure in drinking water disproportionately affects small communities in some U.S. regions, including American Indian communities. In U.S. adults with no seafood intake, median total urine arsenic is 3.4 μg/L. Objective: We evaluated arsenic exposure and excretion patterns using urine samples collected over 10 years in a random sample of American Indians from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota who participated in a cohort study from 1989 to 1999. Methods: We measured total urine arsenic and arsenic species [inorganic arsenic (arsenite and arsenate), methylarsonate (MA), dimethylarsinate (DMA), and arsenobetaine] concentrations in 60 participants (three urine samples each, for a total of 180 urine samples) using inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and high-performance liquid chromatography/ICPMS, respectively. Results: Median (10th, 90th percentiles) urine concentration for the sum of inorganic arsenic, MA, and DMA at baseline was 7.2 (3.1, 16.9) μg/g creatinine; the median was higher in Arizona (12.5 μg/g), intermediate in the Dakotas (9.1 μg/g), and lower in Oklahoma (4.4 μg/g). The mean percentage distribution of arsenic species over the sum of inorganic and methylated species was 10.6{\%} for inorganic arsenic, 18.4{\%} for MA, and 70.9{\%} for DMA. The intraclass correlation coefficient for three repeated arsenic measurements over a 10-year period was 0.80 for the sum of inorganic and methylated species and 0.64, 0.80, and 0.77 for percent inorganic arsenic, percent MA, and percent DMA, respectively. Conclusions: This study found low to moderate inorganic arsenic exposure and confirmed long-term constancy in arsenic exposure and urine excretion patterns in American Indians from three U.S. regions over a 10-year period. Our findings support the feasibility of analyzing arsenic species in large population-based studies with stored urine samples.",
keywords = "American Indians, Analytical chemistry, Arsenic, Arsenic species, Arsenobetaine, Exposure assessment, Metabolism, Mixed-effects models, Multilevel analysis, Strong Heart Study",
author = "{Navas Acien}, Ana and Umans, {Jason G.} and Howard, {Barbara V.} and Walter Goessler and Francesconi, {Kevin A.} and Crainiceanu, {Ciprian M} and Ellen Silbergeld and Eliseo Guallar",
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T1 - Urine arsenic concentrations and species excretion patterns in American Indian communities over a 10-year period

T2 - The strong heart study

AU - Navas Acien, Ana

AU - Umans, Jason G.

AU - Howard, Barbara V.

AU - Goessler, Walter

AU - Francesconi, Kevin A.

AU - Crainiceanu, Ciprian M

AU - Silbergeld, Ellen

AU - Guallar, Eliseo

PY - 2009

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N2 - Background: Arsenic exposure in drinking water disproportionately affects small communities in some U.S. regions, including American Indian communities. In U.S. adults with no seafood intake, median total urine arsenic is 3.4 μg/L. Objective: We evaluated arsenic exposure and excretion patterns using urine samples collected over 10 years in a random sample of American Indians from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota who participated in a cohort study from 1989 to 1999. Methods: We measured total urine arsenic and arsenic species [inorganic arsenic (arsenite and arsenate), methylarsonate (MA), dimethylarsinate (DMA), and arsenobetaine] concentrations in 60 participants (three urine samples each, for a total of 180 urine samples) using inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and high-performance liquid chromatography/ICPMS, respectively. Results: Median (10th, 90th percentiles) urine concentration for the sum of inorganic arsenic, MA, and DMA at baseline was 7.2 (3.1, 16.9) μg/g creatinine; the median was higher in Arizona (12.5 μg/g), intermediate in the Dakotas (9.1 μg/g), and lower in Oklahoma (4.4 μg/g). The mean percentage distribution of arsenic species over the sum of inorganic and methylated species was 10.6% for inorganic arsenic, 18.4% for MA, and 70.9% for DMA. The intraclass correlation coefficient for three repeated arsenic measurements over a 10-year period was 0.80 for the sum of inorganic and methylated species and 0.64, 0.80, and 0.77 for percent inorganic arsenic, percent MA, and percent DMA, respectively. Conclusions: This study found low to moderate inorganic arsenic exposure and confirmed long-term constancy in arsenic exposure and urine excretion patterns in American Indians from three U.S. regions over a 10-year period. Our findings support the feasibility of analyzing arsenic species in large population-based studies with stored urine samples.

AB - Background: Arsenic exposure in drinking water disproportionately affects small communities in some U.S. regions, including American Indian communities. In U.S. adults with no seafood intake, median total urine arsenic is 3.4 μg/L. Objective: We evaluated arsenic exposure and excretion patterns using urine samples collected over 10 years in a random sample of American Indians from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota who participated in a cohort study from 1989 to 1999. Methods: We measured total urine arsenic and arsenic species [inorganic arsenic (arsenite and arsenate), methylarsonate (MA), dimethylarsinate (DMA), and arsenobetaine] concentrations in 60 participants (three urine samples each, for a total of 180 urine samples) using inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and high-performance liquid chromatography/ICPMS, respectively. Results: Median (10th, 90th percentiles) urine concentration for the sum of inorganic arsenic, MA, and DMA at baseline was 7.2 (3.1, 16.9) μg/g creatinine; the median was higher in Arizona (12.5 μg/g), intermediate in the Dakotas (9.1 μg/g), and lower in Oklahoma (4.4 μg/g). The mean percentage distribution of arsenic species over the sum of inorganic and methylated species was 10.6% for inorganic arsenic, 18.4% for MA, and 70.9% for DMA. The intraclass correlation coefficient for three repeated arsenic measurements over a 10-year period was 0.80 for the sum of inorganic and methylated species and 0.64, 0.80, and 0.77 for percent inorganic arsenic, percent MA, and percent DMA, respectively. Conclusions: This study found low to moderate inorganic arsenic exposure and confirmed long-term constancy in arsenic exposure and urine excretion patterns in American Indians from three U.S. regions over a 10-year period. Our findings support the feasibility of analyzing arsenic species in large population-based studies with stored urine samples.

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KW - Mixed-effects models

KW - Multilevel analysis

KW - Strong Heart Study

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