Ureteral and urethral frozen sections during radical cystectomy or cystoprostatectomy: An analysis of denudation and atypia

Jennifer Gordetsky, Trinity Bivalacqua, Mark Schoenberg, Jonathan Ira Epstein

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Abstract

Objective To evaluate denudation (no urothelium present for evaluation) and atypia (urothelial carcinoma in situ [CIS] cannot be ruled out) on frozen sections (FSs) of ureteral and urethral margins in radical cystectomies and cystoprostatectomies. Materials and Methods In radical cystectomies from 2000-2012, we compared FS diagnoses with the corresponding permanent section of the same tissue (frozen section control [FSC]). We also compared FS to "any CIS," which assessed whether there was any CIS in a given ureter or urethra, combining the diagnoses on "frozen section control" and on all submitted ureteral and urethral sections in a case. Results We analyzed 1222 ureteral and 366 urethral FSs in 822 surgical cases. On FS for ureters, there were 56 diagnoses of atypia, 19 (33.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 81 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (1.2%) of which showed CIS on FSC. On FS for urethras, there were 12 diagnoses of atypia, 2 (16.7%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 17 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (5.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC. Twenty-three patients (38.3%) with atypia and 14 patients (15.0%) with denudation on FS had a finding of "any CIS." A diagnosis of either atypia or denudation on FS was predictive of finding CIS on FSC and "any CIS" in a given ureter or urethra (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-623
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Cystectomy
Frozen Sections
Carcinoma in Situ
Urethra
Ureter
Urothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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Ureteral and urethral frozen sections during radical cystectomy or cystoprostatectomy : An analysis of denudation and atypia. / Gordetsky, Jennifer; Bivalacqua, Trinity; Schoenberg, Mark; Epstein, Jonathan Ira.

In: Urology, Vol. 84, No. 3, 2014, p. 619-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Ureteral and urethral frozen sections during radical cystectomy or cystoprostatectomy

T2 - An analysis of denudation and atypia

AU - Gordetsky, Jennifer

AU - Bivalacqua, Trinity

AU - Schoenberg, Mark

AU - Epstein, Jonathan Ira

PY - 2014

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N2 - Objective To evaluate denudation (no urothelium present for evaluation) and atypia (urothelial carcinoma in situ [CIS] cannot be ruled out) on frozen sections (FSs) of ureteral and urethral margins in radical cystectomies and cystoprostatectomies. Materials and Methods In radical cystectomies from 2000-2012, we compared FS diagnoses with the corresponding permanent section of the same tissue (frozen section control [FSC]). We also compared FS to "any CIS," which assessed whether there was any CIS in a given ureter or urethra, combining the diagnoses on "frozen section control" and on all submitted ureteral and urethral sections in a case. Results We analyzed 1222 ureteral and 366 urethral FSs in 822 surgical cases. On FS for ureters, there were 56 diagnoses of atypia, 19 (33.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 81 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (1.2%) of which showed CIS on FSC. On FS for urethras, there were 12 diagnoses of atypia, 2 (16.7%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 17 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (5.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC. Twenty-three patients (38.3%) with atypia and 14 patients (15.0%) with denudation on FS had a finding of "any CIS." A diagnosis of either atypia or denudation on FS was predictive of finding CIS on FSC and "any CIS" in a given ureter or urethra (P

AB - Objective To evaluate denudation (no urothelium present for evaluation) and atypia (urothelial carcinoma in situ [CIS] cannot be ruled out) on frozen sections (FSs) of ureteral and urethral margins in radical cystectomies and cystoprostatectomies. Materials and Methods In radical cystectomies from 2000-2012, we compared FS diagnoses with the corresponding permanent section of the same tissue (frozen section control [FSC]). We also compared FS to "any CIS," which assessed whether there was any CIS in a given ureter or urethra, combining the diagnoses on "frozen section control" and on all submitted ureteral and urethral sections in a case. Results We analyzed 1222 ureteral and 366 urethral FSs in 822 surgical cases. On FS for ureters, there were 56 diagnoses of atypia, 19 (33.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 81 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (1.2%) of which showed CIS on FSC. On FS for urethras, there were 12 diagnoses of atypia, 2 (16.7%) of which showed CIS on FSC, and 17 diagnoses of denudation, 1 (5.9%) of which showed CIS on FSC. Twenty-three patients (38.3%) with atypia and 14 patients (15.0%) with denudation on FS had a finding of "any CIS." A diagnosis of either atypia or denudation on FS was predictive of finding CIS on FSC and "any CIS" in a given ureter or urethra (P

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