Upregulation of ATG7 attenuates motor neuron dysfunction associated with depletion of TARDBP/TDP-43

Aneesh Donde, Mingkuan Sun, Yun Ha Jeong, Xinrui Wen, Jonathan Ling, Sophie Lin, Kerstin Braunstein, Shuke Nie, Sheng Wang, Liam Lucian Chen, Philip Chun Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A shared neuropathological hallmark in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is nuclear clearance and cytoplasmic aggregation of TARDBP/TDP-43 (TAR DNA binding protein). We previously showed that the ability of TARDBP to repress nonconserved cryptic exons was impaired in brains of patients with ALS and FTD, suggesting that its nuclear depletion contributes to neurodegeneration. However, the critical pathways impacted by the failure to repress cryptic exons that may contribute to neurodegeneration remain undefined. Here, we report that transcriptome analysis of TARDBP-deficient neurons revealed downregulation of ATG7, a critical gene required for macroautophagy/autophagy. Mouse and Drosophila models lacking TARDBP/TBPH in motor neurons exhibiting age-dependent neurodegeneration and motor deficits showed reduction of ATG7 and accumulation of SQSTM1/p62 inclusions. Importantly, genetic upregulation of the autophagy pathway improved motor function and survival in TBPH-deficient flies. Together with our observation that ATG7 is reduced in ALS-FTD brain tissues, these findings identify the autophagy pathway as one key effector of nuclear depletion of TARDBP that contributes to neurodegeneration. We thus suggest that the autophagy pathway is a therapeutic target for ALS-FTD and other disorders exhibiting TARDBP pathology. Abbreviations: ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; ANOVA: analysis of variance; ChAT: choline acetyltransferase; CTSD: cathepsin D; FTD: frontotemporal dementia; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; NMJ: neuromuscular junction; RBFOX3/NeuN: RNA binding fox-1 homolog 3; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TARDBP/TDP-43: TAR DNA binding protein 43.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAutophagy
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Autophagy
Motor Neurons
Up-Regulation
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Frontotemporal Dementia
DNA-Binding Proteins
Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 1
Exons
Analysis of Variance
Efferent Pathways
Cathepsin D
Aptitude
Critical Pathways
Choline O-Acetyltransferase
Neuromuscular Junction
Brain
Gene Expression Profiling
Diptera
Drosophila
Down-Regulation

Keywords

  • ALS
  • ATG7
  • autophagy
  • Drosophila
  • frontotemporal dementia
  • mouse
  • SQSTM1/p62
  • TARDBP/TDP-43

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Upregulation of ATG7 attenuates motor neuron dysfunction associated with depletion of TARDBP/TDP-43. / Donde, Aneesh; Sun, Mingkuan; Jeong, Yun Ha; Wen, Xinrui; Ling, Jonathan; Lin, Sophie; Braunstein, Kerstin; Nie, Shuke; Wang, Sheng; Chen, Liam Lucian; Wong, Philip Chun.

In: Autophagy, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donde, Aneesh ; Sun, Mingkuan ; Jeong, Yun Ha ; Wen, Xinrui ; Ling, Jonathan ; Lin, Sophie ; Braunstein, Kerstin ; Nie, Shuke ; Wang, Sheng ; Chen, Liam Lucian ; Wong, Philip Chun. / Upregulation of ATG7 attenuates motor neuron dysfunction associated with depletion of TARDBP/TDP-43. In: Autophagy. 2019.
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abstract = "A shared neuropathological hallmark in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is nuclear clearance and cytoplasmic aggregation of TARDBP/TDP-43 (TAR DNA binding protein). We previously showed that the ability of TARDBP to repress nonconserved cryptic exons was impaired in brains of patients with ALS and FTD, suggesting that its nuclear depletion contributes to neurodegeneration. However, the critical pathways impacted by the failure to repress cryptic exons that may contribute to neurodegeneration remain undefined. Here, we report that transcriptome analysis of TARDBP-deficient neurons revealed downregulation of ATG7, a critical gene required for macroautophagy/autophagy. Mouse and Drosophila models lacking TARDBP/TBPH in motor neurons exhibiting age-dependent neurodegeneration and motor deficits showed reduction of ATG7 and accumulation of SQSTM1/p62 inclusions. Importantly, genetic upregulation of the autophagy pathway improved motor function and survival in TBPH-deficient flies. Together with our observation that ATG7 is reduced in ALS-FTD brain tissues, these findings identify the autophagy pathway as one key effector of nuclear depletion of TARDBP that contributes to neurodegeneration. We thus suggest that the autophagy pathway is a therapeutic target for ALS-FTD and other disorders exhibiting TARDBP pathology. Abbreviations: ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; ANOVA: analysis of variance; ChAT: choline acetyltransferase; CTSD: cathepsin D; FTD: frontotemporal dementia; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; NMJ: neuromuscular junction; RBFOX3/NeuN: RNA binding fox-1 homolog 3; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TARDBP/TDP-43: TAR DNA binding protein 43.",
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AU - Donde, Aneesh

AU - Sun, Mingkuan

AU - Jeong, Yun Ha

AU - Wen, Xinrui

AU - Ling, Jonathan

AU - Lin, Sophie

AU - Braunstein, Kerstin

AU - Nie, Shuke

AU - Wang, Sheng

AU - Chen, Liam Lucian

AU - Wong, Philip Chun

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N2 - A shared neuropathological hallmark in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is nuclear clearance and cytoplasmic aggregation of TARDBP/TDP-43 (TAR DNA binding protein). We previously showed that the ability of TARDBP to repress nonconserved cryptic exons was impaired in brains of patients with ALS and FTD, suggesting that its nuclear depletion contributes to neurodegeneration. However, the critical pathways impacted by the failure to repress cryptic exons that may contribute to neurodegeneration remain undefined. Here, we report that transcriptome analysis of TARDBP-deficient neurons revealed downregulation of ATG7, a critical gene required for macroautophagy/autophagy. Mouse and Drosophila models lacking TARDBP/TBPH in motor neurons exhibiting age-dependent neurodegeneration and motor deficits showed reduction of ATG7 and accumulation of SQSTM1/p62 inclusions. Importantly, genetic upregulation of the autophagy pathway improved motor function and survival in TBPH-deficient flies. Together with our observation that ATG7 is reduced in ALS-FTD brain tissues, these findings identify the autophagy pathway as one key effector of nuclear depletion of TARDBP that contributes to neurodegeneration. We thus suggest that the autophagy pathway is a therapeutic target for ALS-FTD and other disorders exhibiting TARDBP pathology. Abbreviations: ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; ANOVA: analysis of variance; ChAT: choline acetyltransferase; CTSD: cathepsin D; FTD: frontotemporal dementia; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; NMJ: neuromuscular junction; RBFOX3/NeuN: RNA binding fox-1 homolog 3; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TARDBP/TDP-43: TAR DNA binding protein 43.

AB - A shared neuropathological hallmark in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is nuclear clearance and cytoplasmic aggregation of TARDBP/TDP-43 (TAR DNA binding protein). We previously showed that the ability of TARDBP to repress nonconserved cryptic exons was impaired in brains of patients with ALS and FTD, suggesting that its nuclear depletion contributes to neurodegeneration. However, the critical pathways impacted by the failure to repress cryptic exons that may contribute to neurodegeneration remain undefined. Here, we report that transcriptome analysis of TARDBP-deficient neurons revealed downregulation of ATG7, a critical gene required for macroautophagy/autophagy. Mouse and Drosophila models lacking TARDBP/TBPH in motor neurons exhibiting age-dependent neurodegeneration and motor deficits showed reduction of ATG7 and accumulation of SQSTM1/p62 inclusions. Importantly, genetic upregulation of the autophagy pathway improved motor function and survival in TBPH-deficient flies. Together with our observation that ATG7 is reduced in ALS-FTD brain tissues, these findings identify the autophagy pathway as one key effector of nuclear depletion of TARDBP that contributes to neurodegeneration. We thus suggest that the autophagy pathway is a therapeutic target for ALS-FTD and other disorders exhibiting TARDBP pathology. Abbreviations: ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; ANOVA: analysis of variance; ChAT: choline acetyltransferase; CTSD: cathepsin D; FTD: frontotemporal dementia; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; NMJ: neuromuscular junction; RBFOX3/NeuN: RNA binding fox-1 homolog 3; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TARDBP/TDP-43: TAR DNA binding protein 43.

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