Upregulated monocytic expression of CXC chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL-10) and its relationship with serum interleukin-6 levels in the syndrome of frailty

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Abstract

Frailty is an important geriatric syndrome that predicts disability and mortality. Substantial evidence suggests inflammation marked by elevated IL-6 levels as a key pathophysiologic factor that contributes to frailty. CXCL-10, a potent pro-inflammatory chemokine, has increased levels with age and is implicated in several inflammatory conditions. To better understand molecular mechanisms of inflammation activation in frailty, we evaluated monocytic expression of CXCL-10 and other inflammatory pathway genes by pathway-specific gene array analysis and quantitative RT-PCR. Frailty status was determined by the validated criteria. Sixteen pairs of community-dwelling frail and age-, race-, and sex-matched non-frail participants (mean age 83 years, range 72-94) completed the study. Here we report that frail participants had higher CXCL-10 expression levels than matched non-frail controls (1.05 ± 0.88 versus 0.53 ± 0.39, p = 0.04). CXCL-10 expression correlated with IL-6 levels only in frail participants (Spearman correlation coefficient r = 0.52, p = 0.03). Furthermore, frailty-associated CXCL-10 upregulation was highly correlated with IL-6 elevation, both measured by frail-over-non-frail ratios (r = 0.93, p < 0.0001). These findings suggest upregulated monocytic expression of CXCL-10 as an important molecular mechanism that contributes to inflammation activation in frail older adults. Therapeutic implications include potential development of CXCL-10-based interventional strategies for the prevention and treatment of frailty in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalCytokine
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • CXCL-10
  • Frailty
  • IL-6
  • Inflammation
  • Monocytic gene expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology

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