Frailty has been increasingly recognized as an important clinical syndrome in old age. The frailty syndrome is characterized by chronic inflammation, decreased functional and physiologic reserve, and increased vulnerability to stressors, leading to disability and mortality. However, molecular mechanisms that contribute to inflammation activation and regulation in frail older adults have not been investigated. To begin to address this, we conducted a pathway-specific gene array analysis of 367 inflammatory pathway genes by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged CD14+ monocytes from 32 community-dwelling frail and age-, race-, and sex-paired nonfrail older adults (mean age 83 years, range 72-94). The results showed that ex vivo LPS-challenge induced average 2.0-fold or higher upregulated expression of 116 genes in frail participants and 85 genes in paired nonfrail controls. In addition, frail participants had 2-fold or higher upregulation in LPS-induced expression of 7 stress-responsive genes than nonfrail controls with validation by quantitative real time RT-PCR. These findings suggest upregulated expression of specific stress-responsive genes in monocyte-mediated inflammatory pathway in the syndrome of frailty with potential mechanistic and interventional implications.
- Gene expression
- Monocyte-mediated inflammatory pathways
- Stress-responsive genes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology