Upper-body progressive resistance training improves strength and household physical activity performance in women attending cardiac rehabilitation

Lola A. Coke, Beth A. Staffileno, Lynne T. Braun, Meg Gulanick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

■ PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of moderate-intensity, progressive, upper-body resistance training (RT) on muscle strength and perceived performance of household physical activities (HPA) among women in cardiac rehabilitation. ■ METHODS: The 10-week, pretest-posttest, experiment randomized women to either usual care (UC) aerobic exercise or RT. Muscle strength for 5 upper-body RT exercises (chest press, shoulder press, biceps curl, lateral row, and triceps extension) was measured using the 1-Repetition Maximum Assessment. The RT group progressively increased weight lifted using 40%, 50%, and 60% of obtained 1-Repetition Maximum Assessment at 3-week intervals. Perceived performance of HPA was measured with the Kimble Household Activities Scale. ■ RESULTS: The RT group (n = 16, mean age 64 ± 11) significantly increased muscle strength in all 5 exercises in comparison with the UC group (n = 14, mean age 65 ± 10) (chest press, 18% vs 11%; shoulder press, 24% vs 14%; biceps curl, 21% vs 12%; lateral row, 32% vs 9%; and triceps extension, 28% vs 20%, respectively). By study end, Household Activities Scale scores significantly increased (F = 13.878, P = .001) in the RT group (8.75 ± 3.19 vs 11.25 ± 2.14), whereas scores in the UC group decreased (8.60 ± 3.11 vs 6.86 ± 4.13). ■ CONCLUSION: Progressive upper-body RT in women shows promise as an effective tool to increase muscle strength and improve the ability to perform HPA after a cardiac event. Beginning RT early after a cardiac event in a monitored cardiac rehabilitation environment can maximize the strengthening benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-245
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Household physical activities
  • Resistance training
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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