Update on Vascular Dementia

Ayesha Khan, Raj N. Kalaria, Anne Corbett, Clive Ballard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Vascular dementia (VaD) is a major contributor to the dementia syndrome and is described as having problems with reasoning, planning, judgment, and memory caused by impaired blood flow to the brain and damage to the blood vessels resulting from events such as stroke. There are a variety of etiologies that contribute to the development of vascular cognitive impairment and VaD, and these are often associated with other dementia-related pathologies such as Alzheimer disease. The diagnosis of VaD is difficult due to the number and types of lesions and their locations in the brain. Factors that increase the risk of vascular diseases such as stroke, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking also raise the risk of VaD. Therefore, controlling these risk factors can help lower the chances of developing VaD. This update describes the subtypes of VaD, with details of their complex presentation, associated pathological lesions, and issues with diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-301
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

Vascular Dementia
Blood Vessels
Dementia
Stroke
Brain
Vascular Diseases
Alzheimer Disease
Smoking
Cholesterol
Pathology
Hypertension

Keywords

  • cerebrovascular disease
  • dementia
  • vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Update on Vascular Dementia. / Khan, Ayesha; Kalaria, Raj N.; Corbett, Anne; Ballard, Clive.

In: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, Vol. 29, No. 5, 01.09.2016, p. 281-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Khan, A, Kalaria, RN, Corbett, A & Ballard, C 2016, 'Update on Vascular Dementia', Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 281-301. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891988716654987
Khan, Ayesha ; Kalaria, Raj N. ; Corbett, Anne ; Ballard, Clive. / Update on Vascular Dementia. In: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 5. pp. 281-301.
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