Pediatric pulmonary hypertension is a disease that has many etiologies and can present anytime during childhood. Its newly revised hemodynamic definition follows that of adult pulmonary hypertension: a mean pulmonary artery pressure >20 mmHg. However, the pediatric definition stipulates that the elevated pressure must be present after the age of three months. The definition encompasses many different etiologies, and diagnosis often involves a combination of noninvasive and invasive testing. Treatment often is extrapolated from adult studies or based on expert opinion. Moreover, although general anesthesia may be required for pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension, it poses certain risks. A thoughtful, multidisciplinary approach is needed to deliver excellent perioperative care.
- pulmonary hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine