Update on Management of Hoarseness

Sandra Stinnett, Monika Chmielewska, Lee M Akst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dysphonia is altered voice quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication or decreases voice-related quality of life. Hoarseness is vocal roughness and a possible manifestation of dysphonia. This article uses the broader term dysphonia because it reflects of a wide range of voice complaints, with or without vocal roughness. Dysphonia is often caused by benign conditions but may also be the sentinel symptom of a serious or progressive condition requiring immediate diagnosis and management. The role of laryngeal visualization in assessment and diagnosis for these patients is critical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Dysphonia
  • Hoarseness
  • Laryngitis
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Voice
  • Voice changes
  • Voice disturbances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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